Two children playing with wooden blocks

Child Personal Injuries in Scotland: Understanding Claims and Limitations

Learn what to do if your child has been involved in an accident

Child Personal Injuries in Scotland, while a concerning topic, are a reality that parents and guardians must be aware of. Understanding how to navigate potential claims and the legal limitations surrounding them is crucial. In this article, we will delve into the world of child personal injuries in Scotland, shedding light on the key aspects you should know.

Can You Claim Personal Injury for a Child?

Child personal injuries can occur in a multitude of ways, from playground accidents to medical malpractice. When such unfortunate incidents happen, the question that often arises is whether you can claim personal injury on behalf of a child. The answer is yes, you can. In Scotland, parents or guardians can pursue compensation on behalf of their child if they have sustained a personal injury.

To better understand this, let’s delve into the details.

Understanding Personal Injury Claims for Children

In Scotland, personal injury claims for children fall under the purview of a responsible adult, typically a parent or guardian. The law recognises that children are not in a position to represent themselves in legal matters. Therefore, the responsibility falls on adults to act in the best interests of the child and initiate a personal injury claim.

While it’s evident that parents can file claims on behalf of their children, the key question is when can they do so. The timing of personal injury claims for children is subject to specific limitations.

What Is the Personal Injury Limitation Period for Children?

In Scotland, as in the rest of the UK, personal injury claims are subject to a limitation period. This is the time within which a claim must be initiated following the occurrence of the injury. The limitation period for personal injury claims is crucial, and it is no different for child personal injuries. So, what is the limitation period for children in Scotland?

The Three-Year Rule

In Scotland, the limitation period for child personal injury claims is typically three years. However, there is a significant distinction to be made here. The clock doesn’t start ticking from the day of the injury itself but rather from the child’s 16th birthday. This means that a child who has sustained an injury has until their 19th birthday to initiate a claim.

This extension recognises the unique vulnerability of children and ensures that they have adequate time to understand the impact of the injury and its consequences. It also allows for any long-term effects of the injury to become apparent, as some injuries may not fully manifest until years after the incident.

It’s important to note that the three-year rule is not absolute. There are exceptions that can affect the limitation period.

Exceptional Circumstances

In some rare cases, the three-year limitation period can be extended beyond the child’s 19th birthday. This extension typically happens when there are exceptional circumstances that prevented the claim from being made earlier. For example, if a child sustained an injury that caused them significant emotional distress and they were unable to come to terms with it until later in life, the court may consider this an exceptional circumstance and grant an extension.

It’s important to consult with a legal expert to determine if such exceptions apply to your specific case.

The Legal Process for Child Personal Injury Claims

Navigating the legal process for child personal injury claims can be complex. It involves several stages, from the initial consultation to settlement negotiations. Let’s break down the process to give you a better understanding of what to expect.

Initial Consultation

The process begins with an initial consultation with a solicitor. During this consultation, you will discuss the details of the child’s injury, gather evidence, and assess the viability of the claim. It’s crucial to choose a solicitor with experience in personal injury cases, especially those involving children.

Investigation and Evidence Collection

Once you decide to proceed with the claim, the solicitor will conduct a thorough investigation into the circumstances surrounding the injury. This may include interviewing witnesses, collecting medical records, and assessing the long-term impact of the injury on the child’s life.

Filing the Claim

After collecting all necessary evidence, the solicitor will file the personal injury claim on behalf of the child. The defendant, often an insurance company representing the responsible party, will then be notified.


The next step involves negotiations with the defendant’s legal team. The goal is to reach a fair settlement that compensates the child for their injury and any related expenses. If an agreement is reached, the case can be resolved without the need for a court trial.

Court Proceedings

If negotiations fail to yield a satisfactory settlement, the case may proceed to court. This is a more complex and time-consuming process, but it is necessary to ensure that the child receives proper compensation.

Settlement or Judgment

In most cases, child personal injury claims are resolved through settlement before reaching the courtroom. If an agreement is reached, the compensation is typically paid to a trust fund for the child’s benefit, ensuring the funds are managed in their best interests.

Making a Personal Injury Claim with National Claims

Here at National Claims, we understand the importance of securing the well-being of your child in the event of a personal injury. We are here to guide you through the claims process and advocate for the rights of your child. Our team of experienced solicitors specialises in personal injury claims, including those involving children.

Initial Consultation

When you reach out to National Claims, your journey begins with a comprehensive initial consultation. During this conversation, we will listen to your story, understand the details of your child’s injury, and evaluate the potential of your case. Our compassionate and experienced solicitors will provide you with valuable insights into the legal process and what you can expect as we move forward.

Investigation and Evidence Collection

Our team will meticulously investigate the circumstances surrounding your child’s injury. We will leave no stone unturned in gathering essential evidence, including medical records, eyewitness accounts, and expert opinions when necessary. We aim to build a compelling case on your child’s behalf.

Filing the Claim

Once we have the necessary evidence, we will proceed to file the personal injury claim on behalf of your child. This is the point at which the responsible party, typically an insurance company, is formally notified of the claim.

A child looking out to sea


Child personal injuries are undoubtedly a distressing ordeal for both the child and their loved ones. However, it is reassuring to know that legal avenues exist to secure compensation and support for the affected child. The law in Scotland recognises the unique vulnerability of children and provides a three-year limitation period that allows parents and guardians to pursue claims on their behalf.

If you find yourself in the unfortunate situation of dealing with a child’s personal injury, remember that National Claims is here to assist you. Our dedicated team of solicitors is committed to advocating for the rights and well-being of your child throughout the legal process. Our goal is to ensure that justice is served and that your child receives the compensation they deserve.

Start your claim now with the help of one of our claims specialists by contacting us.

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