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Legal Remedies for Birth Injuries Caused by Clinical Negligence

Find out more information about making a claim for any birthing injuries

If you or a loved one has experienced the heart-wrenching ordeal of birth injuries due to clinical negligence, you are not alone. In this article, we will delve into the legal remedies available in the UK for birth injuries caused by clinical negligence. We’ll explore what medical negligence in the context of birth injuries entails, what types of injuries may result from such negligence, and the steps you can take to seek justice and compensation.

Understanding Medical Negligence in the Context of Birth Injuries

Medical negligence, also known as clinical negligence, refers to situations where healthcare professionals fail to meet the standard of care that is expected in their field. In the context of birth injuries, medical negligence occurs when doctors, nurses, or other healthcare providers fail to provide adequate care during pregnancy, labour, or delivery, resulting in harm to the mother or the newborn.

To prove medical negligence in a birth injury case, you must demonstrate that the healthcare provider breached their duty of care. This means they deviated from the accepted standards of medical practice. Moreover, you must establish that this breach directly caused the injury, and that the injury would not have occurred in the absence of the negligence.

Birth Injuries Due to Negligence

Birth injuries resulting from clinical negligence can have devastating and lifelong consequences. These injuries may affect both the mother and the baby. Let’s take a closer look at some of the common types of birth injuries that may occur due to negligence:

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder that affects movement and muscle coordination. It often results from brain damage that occurs before, during, or shortly after birth. Negligence during delivery, such as oxygen deprivation, can lead to cerebral palsy. Children with cerebral palsy may require lifelong care and support.

Erb’s Palsy

Erb’s palsy is a condition that affects the nerves of the upper arm, often resulting from a difficult birth. If a healthcare provider applies excessive force during delivery or mishandles the baby’s shoulder, it can lead to this injury. Erb’s palsy can cause weakness and limited mobility in the affected arm.

Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE)

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is a type of brain injury that occurs due to oxygen deprivation to the baby’s brain during childbirth. This can happen if the baby experiences a lack of oxygen for an extended period. HIE can result in developmental delays, cognitive impairments, and even lifelong disability.

Brachial Plexus Injuries

The brachial plexus is a network of nerves in the neck and shoulder region. Negligent manoeuvres during delivery, such as excessive pulling on the baby’s head or shoulder, can lead to brachial plexus injuries. These injuries can cause weakness, numbness, or loss of function in the affected arm.

Perinatal Asphyxia

Perinatal asphyxia occurs when a newborn does not receive adequate oxygen before, during, or after birth. This can happen due to clinical negligence during labour and delivery. If not promptly treated, perinatal asphyxia can result in severe brain damage and lifelong disabilities.

Seeking Legal Remedies

When birth injuries occur due to clinical negligence, parents may understandably feel overwhelmed and angry. However, it’s important to remember that there are legal remedies available to seek justice and compensation for the harm caused. Here are the steps you can take:

Consult with a Solicitor

The first and most crucial step is to consult with a solicitor who specialises in medical negligence cases. They will evaluate the circumstances of the birth injury and help determine whether there are grounds for a legal claim. It’s essential to choose a solicitor with experience in handling birth injury cases, as these cases can be complex and challenging.

Gathering Evidence

Your solicitor will work with you to gather evidence to support your claim. This may include medical records, witness statements, and expert opinions. The evidence will be essential in establishing the healthcare provider’s negligence and its link to the birth injury.

Pre-Action Protocol

In the UK, medical negligence claims typically follow a pre-action protocol. This involves notifying the healthcare provider or their insurer of your intention to make a claim. This step allows for a preliminary exchange of information and the possibility of early settlement.


If a settlement cannot be reached during the pre-action stage, your solicitor may initiate litigation by issuing court proceedings. The case will then proceed through the court system, with both parties presenting their arguments and evidence.


If your case is successful, you may be awarded compensation to cover various expenses related to the birth injury. This may include medical costs, rehabilitation expenses, and financial support for ongoing care and support.

Remedies for the Future

In addition to financial compensation, a successful legal claim can lead to improvements in the quality of healthcare services. It can highlight areas where medical professionals need to enhance their practices, thereby preventing similar birth injuries in the future.

Making a Clinical Negligence Claim with National Claims

At National Claims, we understand the emotional and physical toll that birth injuries due to clinical negligence can have on families. We’re here to guide you through the process of making a claim, providing you with the support and expertise you need to seek justice and compensation.


Your journey with National Claims begins with a consultation. Our experienced solicitors will listen to your story, assess the circumstances of the birth injury, and provide you with an initial evaluation of your case. This consultation is free, and there is no obligation to proceed with a claim.


Once you choose to proceed, our team will begin a thorough investigation of your case. We will work to gather all the necessary evidence, including medical records, expert opinions, and witness statements. Our goal is to build a strong case that demonstrates the healthcare provider’s negligence and its direct link to the birth injury.

Pre-Action Protocol

In line with the UK’s pre-action protocol for medical negligence claims, we will notify the healthcare provider or their insurer of your intention to make a claim. This step initiates a preliminary exchange of information and opens the door to the possibility of early settlement.


A successful clinical negligence claim can lead to financial compensation that covers various expenses related to the birth injury. This includes medical costs, rehabilitation expenses, and financial support for ongoing care and support. Our goal is to secure the compensation you need to provide the best possible care for your child and your family.

Remedies for the Future

In addition to seeking compensation, we believe in the importance of highlighting areas where improvements in healthcare practices are needed. By holding healthcare providers accountable, we contribute to preventing similar birth injuries in the future, ensuring that every child has the opportunity for a healthy start in life.

A new born baby


Legal remedies for birth injuries caused by clinical negligence are essential for families facing the emotional, physical, and financial toll of such injuries. These remedies provide a pathway to justice, accountability, and financial support for those affected. While the process can be complex, seeking the expertise of a qualified solicitor, such as those at National Claims, is the first step in pursuing a claim.

Ultimately, the hope is that through legal action, healthcare providers can be held accountable for their negligence, and improvements can be made to prevent future birth injuries. These remedies not only benefit the affected families but also contribute to the overall improvement of healthcare standards, ensuring that every child has the opportunity for a healthy start in life. National Claims is here to support you through this journey, offering the guidance and expertise needed to seek the justice and compensation your family deserves.

Start your claim by contacting us to speak to one of our claims specialists to help you throughout the process.

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