Occupier's Liability for Rental Properties

Occupier’s Liability for Rental Properties: A Landlord’s Guide

Know your duty! Protect yourself with occupiers' liability

Landlords are integral to the UK housing market, providing homes for a significant portion of the population. While this is an important role, it comes with serious responsibilities. Landlord duties include ensuring that their rental properties are safe and habitable. This essential duty relates to a key area of law known as the Occupier’s Liability Act.

In this article, we will explore landlord duties, specifically focusing on the Occupiers’ Liability Act, the implications for both tenants and visitors, and how to navigate situations where a breach of duty leads to injury. We will also highlight how you can start a housing disrepair claim.

What is the Occupiers’ Liability Act?

The Occupiers’ Liability Acts of 1957 and 1984 set out the legal framework for the duty of care that landlords owe to tenants and lawful visitors. These Acts are in place to ensure that anyone legally on the rental property is reasonably safe from harm.

Essentially, landlords must take reasonable precautions to protect tenants and visitors from potential hazards that could cause injury or damage to property. The Occupiers’ Liability Acts offer guidance to determine whether a landlord has sufficiently upheld their responsibilities under the law.

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The Landlord’s Duty of Care

The Occupiers’ Liability Acts clearly stipulate that landlords have a duty of care towards tenants and visitors to keep the premises reasonably safe. This duty of care is not unlimited. Landlords’ responsibilities are defined by certain conditions:

  • Right to Repair: The landlord must have the right to carry out repairs and maintenance on the property. This is typically outlined in the tenancy agreement.
  • Knowledge of Defect: It is important that the landlord is aware or ought to reasonably be aware of the defect that caused the harm.
  • Reasonable Foreseeability: The landlord should be able to reasonably foresee that the defect or hazard could cause injury.

What Hazards Are Landlords Liable For?

Landlords may be held liable for injuries or damage caused by a wide range of defects or hazards within their rental properties. Here are some common examples:

  • Structural Issues: Damp, faulty wiring, crumbling walls or ceilings, unsafe balconies, or faulty elevators.
  • Fixtures and Fittings: Broken appliances, unstable furniture supplied by the landlord, exposed sharp edges within the home.
  • Tripping Hazards: Loose flooring, frayed carpets, uneven walkways, or hidden obstacles.
  • Natural Hazards: Mold, slippery or icy pathways (in landlord’s control), pests or infestations.

Landlords can reduce their liability by acting promptly to address notified defects or hazards. Regular inspections of the property can also help to identify potential safety concerns.

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Landlord Responsibilities to Visitors

The Occupiers’ Liability Act 1957 extends the landlord’s duty of care to lawful visitors on the rental property. This includes family members, friends, maintenance workers, and other invited guests. Landlords bear the same responsibility for visitors as they do for their tenants – the duty to take reasonable measures to ensure that they will be reasonably safe while on the premises.

However, while the landlord’s duty is the same, there are situations where visitors may be held partly responsible for their own safety:

  • Warnings: A visitor might assume responsibility if the landlord has adequately warned them about a specific hazard.
  • Contributory Negligence: A visitor who acts in a careless or unsafe way may share some responsibility for an injury.

Defenses Available to Landlords

In some cases, landlords may have defenses against claims of liability. Here are some situations where this might be applicable:

Tenant Responsibility: 

If the terms of the tenancy agreement place the responsibility for repairs or a specific hazard on the tenant, the landlord might not be liable.

Independent Contractors: 

When an independent contractor’s work creates a hazard, the landlord can potentially avoid liability, but only if they exercised reasonable care in selecting a competent contractor.

Unforeseeable Hazards: 

Landlords will generally not be held liable for hidden defects they couldn’t have known about, or hazards that arise suddenly and unexpectedly.

It’s important to note that these are potential defenses; their validity would need to be assessed in court on a case-by-case basis.

Making a Housing Disrepair Claim with National Claims

At National Claims, we understand that housing disrepair is an issue that can severely affect your quality of life. We specialize in helping tenants secure the compensation they deserve and hold landlords accountable for neglecting their maintenance responsibilities.

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Let’s start with a free consultation to discuss the specifics of your situation. We’ll listen to your experience, assess the disrepair in your home, and advise you on whether you have a strong claim. Our team will connect you with a solicitor from our panel who will be able to assist you with your case.

*No Win, No Fee

National Claims believes that everyone should have access to the legal support they need, regardless of their financial circumstances. For this reason, we operate on a “No Win, No Fee”* basis. You won’t pay any upfront legal fees, and our fees will only be due if your claim is successful. This allows you to pursue your case without undue financial stress.

*Customers pay up to 25% (incl. VAT) of the amount recovered towards solicitor costs and if you cancel outside your cooling off period, you may be charged a fee.


Understanding the landlord’s duty of care under the Occupiers’ Liability Act is crucial for both landlords and tenants. Landlords must maintain awareness of their responsibilities and prioritize safety by regularly inspecting their properties and taking prompt action when problems are reported. Likewise, tenants should be proactive in reporting any potential hazards to their landlords. By working together and staying informed, both parties can reduce the risk of accidents and injuries, ensuring rental properties remain safe places to live.

Contact us today to speak to one of our claims agents who will be able to help you get started on your claim.

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