someone riding an e bike

Sharing the Road with E-Bikes: Guidelines for All Users

learn more about how to share the road with people riding e bikes

In today’s fast-paced world, the quest for efficient and eco-friendly modes of transportation has led to the surge in popularity of electric bikes, commonly known as e-bikes. These sleek two-wheelers are not only fun to ride but also contribute to reducing our carbon footprint. However, as e-bikes become a more common sight on the roads, it’s essential for all road users to understand the guidelines and rules that govern their use. In this article, we’ll delve into the world of e-bikes, their presence on public roads, and the rules that pertain to them, especially in the context of the United Kingdom. We will also delve into the steps you should take when making a road traffic accident claim.

The Rise of E-Bikes

Before we dive into the nitty-gritty of sharing the road with e-bikes, let’s take a moment to appreciate their meteoric rise. E-bikes, powered by an electric motor, have become a game-changer in the world of urban commuting. They offer a middle ground between traditional bicycles and motorised vehicles, making them a compelling choice for those who want to go green while keeping their commute convenient.

E-bikes come in various shapes and sizes, from compact folding models to robust mountain e-bikes built for off-road adventures. What sets them apart is their ability to provide a boost of electric assistance when the rider pedals. This assistance can vary in intensity, giving riders the option to tailor their experience to their desired level of effort. With e-bikes, you can conquer steep hills with ease and arrive at your destination without breaking a sweat.

Are E-Bikes Allowed on Public Roads?

One of the most frequently asked questions about e-bikes is whether they are allowed on public roads. The answer, in general, is yes! E-bikes are indeed permitted on public roads in many countries, including the United Kingdom. However, there are specific regulations and guidelines that riders and other road users should be aware of.

The UK’s Take on E-Bike Regulations

In the United Kingdom, electric bikes are classified into three main categories based on their power and speed capabilities. These classifications determine where and how e-bikes can be used on public roads:

Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycles (EAPCs) – Class 1 and Class 2

Class 1 EAPCs: These e-bikes provide pedal assistance up to a maximum speed of 15.5 miles per hour (25 kilometres per hour) and are often equipped with a speed limiter. Class 1 e-bikes are allowed on public roads and cycle lanes.

Class 2 EAPCs: These e-bikes are also pedal-assisted but have a throttle that allows them to reach a maximum speed of 15.5 miles per hour without pedalling. Like Class 1 e-bikes, Class 2 e-bikes are permitted on public roads and cycle lanes.

Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycles (EAPCs) – Class 3

Class 3 EAPCs: Class 3 e-bikes are the speed demons of the e-bike world. They offer pedal assistance up to 28 miles per hour (45 kilometres per hour) but are only allowed on public roads if they meet certain requirements. These requirements include being registered, insured, and fitted with a speedometer. Riders of Class 3 e-bikes must also hold a valid driving licence.

Rules of the Road for E-Bikes

Now that we’ve clarified the types of e-bikes and where they are allowed, let’s delve into some crucial rules and guidelines for sharing the road with these electric wonders.

Safety First

Just like any other mode of transportation, safety should be the top priority when riding an e-bike. This applies not only to e-bike riders but to all road users. Wear a helmet, use lights at night, and follow the rules of the road. E-bike riders should also consider wearing high-visibility clothing to increase their visibility to other road users.

Obey Traffic Laws

E-bike riders must follow all traffic laws and signals, just like any other road user. This includes obeying stop signs, traffic lights, and yielding the right-of-way when required. Remember that e-bikes are not exempt from these rules, and flouting them can result in fines or penalties.

Use Bike Lanes and Cycle Paths

E-bikes, particularly Class 1 and Class 2 models, are typically allowed in bike lanes and cycle paths. These dedicated spaces are designed to keep cyclists safe and separate from motorised traffic. However, it’s crucial to be mindful of other cyclists and pedestrians while using these lanes.

Be Courteous to Pedestrians

When sharing paths with pedestrians, slow down and give them the right-of-way. Ring your bell or announce your presence verbally when approaching walkers or joggers from behind. Being considerate goes a long way in fostering harmony between e-bike riders and pedestrians.

Stay on the Right Side

In countries where traffic flows on the right side of the road, e-bike riders should keep to the right-hand side of the road, just like other cyclists. This helps maintain a smooth flow of traffic and reduces the risk of collisions.

Respect Speed Limits

For Class 3 e-bikes, which can reach higher speeds, it’s essential to respect speed limits. In the UK, Class 3 e-bikes are only allowed on public roads if they meet specific criteria and are limited to 28 miles per hour. Riding these bikes at excessive speeds can lead to legal consequences.

Maintain Your E-Bike

Regular maintenance is vital for the safe operation of e-bikes. Ensure that your brakes, lights, and tires are in good working condition. Regularly check the battery and electrical components to prevent unexpected breakdowns.

Ride Defensively

When sharing the road with motorised vehicles, e-bike riders should adopt a defensive riding style. Be aware of blind spots, anticipate the actions of other road users, and always be prepared to react to changing traffic conditions.

A street e bike

Making a Road Traffic Accident Claim with National Claims

At National Claims, we understand that accidents can happen, even when everyone involved is doing their best to stay safe on the road. If you’ve been involved in a road traffic accident with an e-bike, whether you were the e-bike rider, another road user, or a pedestrian, you may be entitled to compensation for your injuries and damages. In this section, we’ll guide you through the process of making a road traffic accident claim with National Claims, ensuring that you receive the support you need during this challenging time.

Contact National Claims

The first step in pursuing a road traffic accident claim with National Claims is to get in touch with us as soon as possible after the accident. Our dedicated team of legal experts is here to assist you through every step of the claims process.

Gather Information

To ensure a successful claim, it’s essential to gather all relevant information regarding the accident. This may include:

  • Date, time, and location of the accident.
  • Contact information of all parties involved, including witnesses.
  • Details of the e-bike rider, if applicable.
  • Photographic evidence of the accident scene and any damages or injuries.
  • Police report, if one was filed.

Our experienced team will guide you on what information is required and help you compile a comprehensive file for your claim.

Seek Medical Attention

Your health and well-being are of paramount importance. Even if you initially feel fine, it’s essential to seek medical attention promptly after the accident. Some injuries may not manifest immediately but could have long-term effects. Documenting your injuries and following your doctor’s advice is crucial for your claim.


Sharing the road with e-bikes is an increasingly common occurrence in today’s transportation landscape. Understanding the rules and guidelines for all road users is essential to ensuring safety and harmony on our streets. E-bikes are allowed on public roads in many countries, including the United Kingdom, but specific regulations govern their use. Riders and other road users must be aware of these rules to prevent accidents and promote responsible riding.

In the unfortunate event of a road traffic accident involving an e-bike, National Claims is here to support you through the claims process. Our experienced team will guide you in gathering information, seeking medical attention, determining liability, calculating compensation, and negotiating a settlement on your behalf. We are committed to ensuring that you receive the compensation you deserve for your injuries and damages.

By following the guidelines for sharing the road with e-bikes and knowing how to navigate the claims process with National Claims, you can protect your rights and well-being. Remember, accidents can happen, but with the right support, you can recover and move forward with confidence.

Contact us today to get a start on your claim and speak to one of our claims specialists.

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